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Interpretations of Communication by Significant Others in Critical Care (2008)

Ref: nursing0003

Although many authors previously signified communications’ importance with significant others in the critical Care environment, it would appear that little is understood about the more intimate attributes associated with actual experiences in this phenomenon. This secondary research review will specifically focus upon communication in critical care with significant others. It will allude to the importance of communication in obtaining satisfaction or dissatisfaction outcomes as depicted briefly by Malacrida, et al. Specific qualitative research papers, pertinent to communication experiences with significant others in the critical care environment were selected depicting this phenomenon. By utilising a thorough literature search and applying structured methodological designs to assist in the criteria for choosing papers, a selection of qualitative papers were scrutinised and analysed. Recognised frameworks, deductive, inductive and summative approaches to qualitative content analysis have been applied in analysing the selected papers addressing trustworthiness, design and the methodology of data extraction within the studies. Following this relevant data was extracted from the results of the selected papers using standardised forms to maintain uniformity throughout the process. The results have been presented in themes and displayed in the form of a graph to highlight distribution throughout the papers of the various themes, which contribute to answering the research question. The findings were compared and contrasted and correlation made with the methodological shortcomings of the selected studies in ascertaining their relevance to practice and to future research prior to conclusions being suggested. Conclusions from the data eludes to considerable dissatisfaction with communications given to significant others during relatives stay in Critical Care. There appears to be a gap, in what professionals know to be the best practice in communicating with significant others and the interpretation of them by significant others. More specific research to establish methods and training needs in identifying families’ individual requirements in communication, determining how the personal styles of interrelating with family members has the potential for impaired communication and negative outcomes needs to be addressed in the future.


  • 45,000 words – 202 pages in length
  • Excellent literature review
  • Good in depth analysis
  • Ideal for nursing and health students
  • 10MB in Size - Make sure you have enough space in your inbox


CHAPTER 1
Introduction and Background

CHAPTER 2
Objectives of the Review

CHAPTER 3
Criteria for Considering Studies in the Review
PEO Title and Question Criteria for Inclusion and Exclusion
Types of Participants
Operational Definition/Inclusion Exclusion Criteria of Significant Others
Operational Definition Inclusion Exclusion Criteria of Communication
Operational Definition Inclusion Exclusion Criteria of Critical Care
Operational Definition Inclusion Exclusion Criteria of Interpretation

CHAPTER 4
Methodology and Search Strategies
Search Strategies
Strategy for Rating Papers after Application of Macmasters
The Extraction of Data

CHAPTER 5
Results
Results of the Studies Titles and Abstract Searches
Results Based Upon Reading the Whole Paper
A PEO Description of All the Studies Included In Review
A Summary of the Assessments of the Methodological Quality Of Each Paper
A Summary of the Results of the Data Extracted From Each Paper

CHAPTER 6
Discussion

CHAPTER 7
Conclusion
Reference List
List of Appendices



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