An Assessment into the Development of Housing Provision Systems in China (2013)

Housing Provision Systems in China Dissertation – Housing in China has been long considered as a pillar industry that can boost the national economy since the beginning of full housing commercialisation. The aim of this paper is to find out how the Chinese government has adjusted housing polices in order to establish a multi-layer housing provision system since 1998 when direct housing distribution was phased out by the State of Council.

Through reviewing the policies issued by central government after 1998 and analysing the data from the National Bureau of Statistics, this paper discovers that there were dramatic changes in policy with regards to commercial and social housing, two forms of housing provision. Since 1998, commercial housing has undergone tremendous growth whereas social housing has been in decline.

Various policies have been issued by central government to regulate China’s overheated commercial housing and to require that local government provide low income groups with social housing. Although the Chinese government has devoted itself to establishing a market-orientated housing provision system, it relies heavily on administrative measures to regulate the housing market. These administrative measures were not very successful in bringing China’s housing market to a level of sustainable development as expected by central government because there is a conflict of interests between central and local government.

Housing systems in Qingdao are focused upon in this paper to investigate how the two types of housing provision have evolved at city level and how municipal government implements policies from central government to regulate their housing market. Dissertation objectives;

  • To review the development of urban housing reform policies and the establishment of new multi-layer housing provision system in cites
  • To examine the development of commercial housing and assess the impacts of central government policies, and discuss the issue of affordability
  • To examine the development of social housing and investigate how Chinese government has been involved in social housing provision
  • To investigate, though case study, how different housing provisions have worked at local level and how municipal government has implemented central policies
  • To discuss whether these policies had regulated the housing market effectively as expected by central government

  • 15,000 words – 54 pages in length
  • Excellent use of literature
  • Good case study analysis
  • Well written throughout
  • Ideal for real estate management students

1 – Introduction
Aim and Objectives
Research Methods
Qualitative Methods
Quantitative Methods
Case Studies
Sources of Data

2 – Context of Research: Housing and Land Reform
From 1979 to 1994
From 1994 to 1998
From 1998 to Present
Land Reform in China

3 – Commercial Housing After 1998
Commercial Housing
Commercial Housing Investment
Commercial Housing Demand and Supply
Housing Affordability
Central Government’s Regulation on Commercial Housing
Driving forces of China’s Once-Over-Heated Commercial Housing Market

4 – China’s Social Housing
Policies of Affordable Housing after 1998
Problems of Affordable Housing
Social Rental Housing
Housing for Migrant Workers in Cities
Different Housing Forms for Migrant Workers
Problems of Migrant Workers’ Housing
Government’s Regulation on Migrant Workers’ Housing

5 – Case Study of Qingdao
Commercial housing
Commercial Housing Investment
Housing Demand and Supply
Government’s Regulation on Commercial Housing
Social Housing
Affordable Housing in Qingdao
Social Rental Housing

6 – Conclusions
Research Findings
Future Research Recommendations


Housing Provision Systems in China Dissertation
Housing Provision Systems in China Dissertation

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