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Is Modern Methods Of Construction (MMC) A Viable Sustainable Construction Option? (2018)

Global warming and climate change, a term referred to as The Greenhouse Effect, has led to various Government strategies in a bid to try and control and mitigate these effects. The construction industry is a major contributor of greenhouse gas emissions, which has led to a call for a more sustainable approach from the construction industry. Seeking to address this, the industry has responded by establishing Sustainability Performance Indicators (SPI’s), alongside third party bodies such as British Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM). This has led to adoption of past construction processes known as Pre-fabrication, and Off-Site Manufacturing (OSM), using new construction materials through advances in technology. This has been defined as Modern Methods of Construction (MMC), with the goal of delivering a more sustainable construction method. This Dissertation will evaluate if MMC is delivering a more sustainable construction process as defined by government strategy and third party bodies, and the three sustainability pillars of Environmental, Economic, and Social considerations. A Literature Review was undertaken to establish government strategies and industry benchmarks, and SPI’s, with current industry usage, driver and barriers identified in the use of MMC. This data was compared with data gathered from questionnaires from industry professionals from various backgrounds to evaluate their experience with implementing MMC. The study uncovered that MMC can deliver improved sustainable benefits, over more traditional construction methods, but problems with project delivery, and product quality can erode these claims. If the move to sustainable construction is to be realized, issues surrounding these finding need to be addressed to promote the uptake of this construction process.

Dissertation objectives

  • Identify current awareness and sustainability drivers in the UK Construction Industry
  • To undertake a critical review of literature regarding the current types of MMC and the usage within the industry
  • To investigate the advantages of off-site construction, in relation to sustainability aspects, when compared to traditional construction methods
  • To formulate recommendations which support the utilization of MMC in the future as a sustainable construction method
  • 12,000 words – 50 pages in length
  • Excellent use of literature
  • Excellent of subject area
  • Well written throughout
  • Includes interview transcripts
  • Ideal for construction management students

1 – Introduction
Background and Rationale
Research Proposal
Research Aim
Hypotheses
Research Objectives
Research Methodology
Research Structure

2 – Literature Review
UK Sustainability Drivers
Government Strategy 2025
Industry Benchmarks
Three pillars of Sustainability
Overview of Traditional Methods of Construction
Overview of Modern Methods of Construction
Definition
Types of MMC
Benefits of MMC
Time
Quality
Cost
Productivity
People
Process
Waste Reduction
Improved Health and Safety
Barriers to utilising MMC
Cost
Skills and Experience
Supply Chain

3 – Research Methodology
Data Collection
Primary Data
Secondary Data
Research Techniques
Qualitative Research
Quantitative Research
Method Appraisal
Interview Process
Interviewees
Research Limitations

4 – Data Analysis
Fieldwork
Data Analysis

5 – Discussion
Benefits
Barriers
Environmental
Economic
Social

6 – Conclusion
Hypothesis
Research Recommendations
Limitations

Bibliography

Appendix

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