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Ergonomic Intervention – Impact on Productivity (2019)

Musculoskeletal health complications at workplaces need to be addressed and ergonomic interventions offers an alternative approach to the mitigation. The purpose of this dissertation is to identify and analyze the impacts of ergonomics on the productivity of workers and the study also aims to identify changes to process factors that are essential for achieving higher productivity and improve comfort. The objectives are to recognise the appropriateness of ergonomic aspects in layouts, designs and furnishing to provide workers’ comfort and to assess how ergonomics training that deal with the health, safety and comfort level of workers improves and optimizes workers’ productivity. This study used an embedded mixed methods design to collect data from a total of 55 participants which were divided into 35 for undergo experimental ergonomic intervention training and 20 for the control group. The results showed that participants in the experimental ergonomic intervention group had less number of discomforts compared to the control group and that ergonomics intervention training provided in office ergonomic and workstation adjustment positively lead to significant improvement of worker’s productivity. Therefore, ergonomic interventions minimize body discomforts and symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders, hence the improvement of workers’ productivity.

Arguably, musculoskeletal health complications at workplaces need to be addressed and ergonomic interventions offers an alternative approach to the mitigation. All previous studies performed to examine ergonomic interventions have accepted and acknowledged their success in improving the working environment. Without doubt, increasing the production and performance of an organisation is the overall goal of any intervention program. The main research question of this study is to identify whether ergonomic interventions have an impact on production within organisation. Therefore, this study purposes is to found out the dual effect (positive or negative) of ergonomic interventions on attributes of productivity. Essentially, this dissertation aims mainly at supporting existing research that ergonomic intervention positively impacts organisation production. Adding evidence will, consequently, motivate organisation management to embrace ergonomic programs and justify allocation of resources on these programs. Generally, the purpose of this dissertation is to identify and analyze the impacts of ergonomics on the productivity of workers and the study also aims to identify changes to process factors that are essential for the achieving higher productivity and improve comfort.

Dissertation objectives

  • To recognise the appropriateness of ergonomic aspects in layouts, designs and furnishing to provide workers’ comfort
  • To assess how ergonomics training that will deal with the health, safety, and comfort level of workers improves and optimizes workers’ productivity
  • 12,000 words – 48 pages in length
  • Excellent use of literature
  • Excellent analysis of subject area
  • Well written throughout
  • Includes questionnaire
  • Ideal for health studies students

1 – Introduction
Study Problem Statement
Purpose of the Study
Research Objectives
Research Questions
Hypotheses
Significance of the Research
Study Assumptions and Delimitations
Definition of Terms

2 – Literature Review
Theoretical Foundation
Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSD)
Risk Factors of WMSDs
Ergonomics
Micro-ergonomics
Macro-ergonomics
Ergonomic Interventions
Types of Ergonomic interventions
Conceptual Model of Ergonomic Interventions
Evaluation of Studies on Impact of Ergonomic Interventions on Organisational
Productivity
Conceptual Framework
Research Gap and Rationale for the Study

3 – Methodology
Research Strategy
Philosophical Paradigm
Research Method Deployed
Study Design
Research Process
Population and Setting
Participants, Sample and Sampling Technique
Research Instruments
Intervention and Outcome Measures
Procedure
Data Analysis
Reliability and Validity
Threats to Validity and Reliability
Ethical Considerations

4 – Results
Demographic Factors
Appropriateness of Ergonomics Training Intervention in Providing Worker Comfort
Effects of Ergonomics Training Intervention on Worker Productivity
Interview Results

5- Discussion
Appropriateness of Ergonomic Training Interventions in Providing Worker Comfort
Effects of the Ergonomics Training Intervention on Worker Productivity
Limitations of the study

6 – Conclusion

References

Appendix
Questionnaire

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